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Sri Lanka is a small island nation in South Asia, but it is a biodiversity hotspot and home to a remarkable collection of wildlife. With over 26 national parks and protected areas, Sri Lanka has been recognized as one of the top wildlife destinations in the world. In this article, we will take a closer look at the unique and fascinating wildlife of Sri Lanka.

The wildlife in Sri Lanka is incredibly varied and spans from big mammals to tiny insects. The Asian elephant is one of the most recognizable species found in Sri Lanka, and the country boasts the highest concentration of elephants in Asia, with these majestic creatures being present all over the island. The top spots to view elephants in their natural habitat are within Sri Lanka’s national parks, like Udawalawe and Minneriya, providing visitors with the opportunity to observe these calm giants up close.

Another large mammal found in Sri Lanka is the leopard. The Sri Lankan leopard is a subspecies of the larger Indian leopard, and it is considered one of the top predators on the island. The best place to see leopards in Sri Lanka is at Yala National Park, which has the highest density of leopards in the world.

Apart from the larger mammals, Sri Lanka is also home to a variety of primates, including the purplefaced langur and the toque macaque. The purple-faced langur is an endangered species that is only found in Sri Lanka’s rainforests, while the toque macaque can be found in a variety of habitats across the island. Visitors can observe these primates in national parks such as Sinharaja Forest Reserve and Horton Plains National Park.

Sri Lanka is also home to a variety of reptiles and amphibians, including several species of snakes and lizards. One of the most iconic reptiles found in Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan crocodile, which can be found in rivers and wetlands across the country. Visitors can also see a variety of colorful frogs and toads, including the Sri Lankan tree frog, which is known for its vibrant green color.

Birdwatching is another popular activity in Sri Lanka, with over 400 species of birds found on the island. The national bird of Sri Lanka is the Sri Lankan junglefowl, which is endemic to the island. Visitors can also see a variety of other birds, including several species of eagles, owls, and kingfishers.

Sri Lanka has made significant efforts to conserve its wildlife, with over 12% of the country’s land area designated as protected areas. These protected areas include national parks, wildlife reserves, and forest reserves, all of which provide a sanctuary for the country’s diverse flora and fauna. Visitors to Sri Lanka can experience the country’s incredible wildlife through guided tours and safaris, which are offered at many of the national parks.

In conclusion, Sri Lanka’s wildlife is both diverse and fascinating, with a variety of iconic species found throughout the country. The island’s commitment to conservation has helped to protect these species and ensure that they continue to thrive for generations to come. A visit to Sri Lanka’s national parks and protected areas is a must for anyone interested in wildlife and nature, and it is sure to be an unforgettable experience.

leopards in SL
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